Cumulative Processes in the Modern World-System in the Prism of Dialectics and Laws of Synergetics: to the Problem of Transition to Egalitar Society under Conditions of Multipolarity

Introduction. The paper examines the state of the modern world and the prospects for its multipolarity from the standpoint of synergetics, dialectics, the world-systems analysis and geopolitics. The world-systems approach substantiates the crisis and finiteness of the modern world-economy, the impossibility of its modernization and the emergence of a demand for the formation of an egalitarian world order. The idea of multipolarity is one of the answers to this request. Methodology and sources. Ideas of social synergetics in the works of E.N. Knyazeva, S.P. Kurdyumov and V.V. Tuzov made it possible to describe the state of the modern world system as a state of a non-equilibrium system at the stage of self-organization. Hegelian dialectical laws were used to describe the most general characteristics in the logic of the historical stages in the formation of a social system. The ideas of I. Wallerstein and the geopolitical theory of R. Collins made it possible to designate the properties of attractors that lead to the emergence of poles in the world-economy. Results and discussion. From the point of view of synergetics, multipolarity in the worldsystem is a state of chaos; from the point of view of dialectics, this is a state of a leap, a transition to a new quality. A geopolitical-world-system typology of attractors that can lead to the formation of poles is proposed. It is shown that the multipolar world contains different options for development, depending on what kind of economic relations will develop between the participants. Within the framework of the existing economic system (capitalist relations, relations of self-organization), multipolarity acts as an intermediate state from which a unipolar world is born. The authors came to the conclusion that for a new result, it is necessary to change the economic paradigm from a self-organizing world-system to one organized by the will of people and based on science. The requirements of a multipolar world on the part of the BRICS, SCO, and EAEU states are within the framework of the existing development paradigm, so the formation of egalitarian relations on this basis is problematic. Conclusion. Humanity gets a chance to overcome the spontaneity of self-organization processes and form a more egalitarian society in the course of the bifurcation of the existing system. Multipolarity can act as a stage of such a transition. However, if the issue of a qualitative change in social relations is not resolved, then multipolarity will turn out to be only a stage in the return to a unipolar world.

Authors: Viktor V. Tuzov, Anna A. Izgarskaya

Direction: Philosophy

Keywords: synergetics, self-organization, world-system approach, geopolitical dynamics, multipolarity, chaos

View full article