Resources of Civil Science and Sociology (on the Example the Design of the Social Food Map of Dagestan Youth in St Petersburg)
Introduction. This article examines the possibilities and limitations of applying the concept of civil science on the example of constructing a map of the location of the infrastructure to meet the national and religious needs of Dagestan youth living in St Petersburg. Methodology and sources. In addition to the conceptual developments of foreign researchers of civil science (C.B. Cooper, J. Dickinson, T. Phillips, R. Bonney, K. Purdam, L. Richardson, K.L. Prudic, J.C. Oliver, B.V. Brown, E.C. Long, etc.), the article contains review of domestic publications (E.V. Bryzgalina, F. Arevalo Leon, A.G. Gazoyan, E.G. Grebenshchikova, V.N. Zheleznyak, E.V. Seryodkina, etc.). It is concluded that the review of domestic publications demonstrates the analytics of predominantly foreign research projects of civil science, while the most recent works are aimed at understanding the experience of Russian projects, including the difficulties of applying civil science in Russia. It also compiled an extensive overview of the directions of civil science projects in modern scientific research. Results and discussion. Data collection took place through the social network VKontakte based on a large Dagestan group focused on fellow landsmen living in St Petersburg. The result of the study is the compilation of a map of food outlets and the sale of halal products in St Petersburg, based on the opinion of Dagestan youth, the map includes 87 objects. Based on the benefits of the study, the acquired benefit for science, society and civil scientists is considered. In general, the attempt to create this map with the involvement of citizen science has allowed us to test the resources provided by citizen science for research purposes, thereby we have identified the advantages and disadvantages of the use of citizen science in sociology, contributing to the popularization of the use of citizen science in practical studies. Conclusion. It is concluded that engaging citizen science is an effective way to explore urban spaces, since it tends to operate on a large scale, relying on spatially dispersed participants, but at the same time it has serious limitations, therefore, its application requires preliminary research. Since the main limitation of its application is the interest of civil scientists in the research itself.
Authors: Ekaterina A. Shekera
Keywords: civil science, urbanized area, halal, St Petersburg, social mapping of urban space, Dagestan youth, internal migration
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