Linguistic Data Model for Natural Languages and Artificial Intelligence. Part 7. Internal logic 2

Introduction. The article continues a series of publications on the linguistics of relations (hereinafter referred to as R-linguistics) and is devoted to the study of the functioning of logical connectives with nouns and adjectives. The article is the second part of the discussion of internal logic, which examines the use of logical connectives within sentences. This research involves the formation of semantic logic, that is, logic that takes into account the semantics of sentences. Methodology and sources. The results obtained in the previous parts of the series are used as research tools. To develop the necessary mathematical representations in the field of internal logic, the previously formulated semantic concepts and operations are used. Results and discussion. Two types of negation are introduced and their properties are defined. The properties of the linguistic model are formulated. The use of logical connectives with nouns and adjectives is analyzed. It is shown that the connective NOT can be attributed to both external and internal logic. The connectives AND and OR do not have a logical content, but serve to identify the state of a particular concept. Three semantic substitutions are defined. The reasons for the stability of semantic interpretation when changing the state of relations are substantiated. Conclusion. Abandoning the traditional view of natural language logic means abandoning logical operations and inference. This forces us to consider logical operations that now take into account semantics, since they are related to the structure of the linguistic model. Analysis of the functioning of logical connectives with nouns and adjectives shows that they either provide identification of the state of concepts, or can be transferred to external logic, or can operate within the framework of a linguistic model. The formulated substitution rules provide semantically correct substitutions and justify the stability of semantic interpretation in the conditions of changing states of concepts.

Авторы: Polyakov O. M.

Направление: Языкознание

Ключевые слова: R-linguistics, ascription operation, interpretation operator, substitution rule, semantics

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