SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF REPRODUCTION OF CORRUPTION IN TODAY'S RUSSIA
The paper deals with key social determinants (sources, causes and factors) of reproduction of corruption in today's Russian society. In the study it is stated that modern Russian legislation has provided a comprehensive legal framework aimed at combating corruption; law enforcement practices have been improving, too. But, due to the lasting, permanent work of formational, domain-related and structural factors that determine both resilience and constant reproduction of conditions favourable to corruption, fighting it gives no palpable results. It is of no less importance to know how corruption is reflected in mass consciousness, how the population judges anti-corruption policies, and, last but not least, to which extend anti-corruption climate and dislike of corruption practices has been formed and spread in the society. Based on sociological data, this paper formulates recommendations for a comprehensive solution to the problem of eradicating corruption; this solution would entail both promoting democratic principles in society and politics and limiting the excessive influence of exchange relationships so powerful in the system of Russian criminal/oligarchical capitalism. It also provides a solution to activating and speeding up a systemic modernisation of the body of Russian society along the lines entrenched in the Constitution towards its evolution and transformation into a modern postindustrial society, including forming a fully functional socially-oriented democracy.
Авторы: D. N. Tcherezov, V. P. Miletskiy, S. D. Savin
Направление: Социологические исследования
Ключевые слова: Corruption, social determinants of reproduction of corruption, formational determinants of corruption, domain-related and structural determinants of corruption, modernisation, systemic modernisation of Russian society, political and legal anti-corruption factors, democratic socially oriented rightful state, post-industrial society, perception of corruption in public consciousness
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